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Why Choose Solid Appalacian Hardwood?

Why Choose Solid Appalachian Hardwood?

Variety of Species

Solid Appalachian Hardwoods offer specifiers, manufacturers and end-users around the world a great variety of color, grain and character; from the warm, darker tones of Walnut, Cherry and Red Oak to the lighter hues of White Oak, Maple and Ash. There are more than a dozen commercial species that offer a real advantage for manufacturers and a good fit for any project.

Standard Grading

Solid Appalachian Hardwoods are traded under a Standard set of Grading Rules that have been accepted throughout the hardwood industry. These Rules were established over 100 years ago by the National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA) and provide consistency and a common language that both buyer and seller can work with to produce successful transactions over and over again.


No other country can boast the success that we have had in the sustainability of our hardwood forests. Due to the intensive application of Best Management Practices (BMP), our Appalachian hardwood forests not only support a vibrant healthy stand of timber, but also huge populations of wildlife, clean rivers and streams, and a host of recreational activities. The volume of forests in the region has increased to 65.4 million acres with more than 1.4 trillion board feet of standing hardwood inventory. Approximately 1 percent of that inventory is harvested annually.

Hardwoods can be used for a wide range of applications.

Some of the most important application categories for hardwoods are listed below.


Hardwoods are often the material of choice for high quality performance furniture of all shapes and styles. The wide range of natural colors and grains available provides a great choice of look and fashion to suit most environments. Many species can also be stained to alter their surface appearance. Prior to selecting a species it is important to ascertain that the gluing, finishing and machining properties are suited to the application. Solid Appalachian Hardwoods are ideal for most furniture applications and can be found in products worldwide, from mass produced tables and chairs to custom design hand crafted furniture made to last a life time.


Hardwood flooring is increasingly fashionable for its warm feel and look and its practical and long-lasting performance. Hardwood floors are seen as an investment and adds value to a property. Of course the quality, performance and price of products can vary enormously so it is important to source the right product for any given application. Appalachian Hardwood species are very widely used in flooring as many of them have natural hard-wearing properties. Many Appalachian Hardwoods are prime flooring species; like Red Oak, White Oak, Ash, Hickory and of course Hard Maple – perfect for gymnasiums and sports halls. Even slighter softer species such as Cherry and Walnut can be used very effectively for high traffic areas with the help of high performance coatings and finishes.


Hardwoods are commonly used for all aspects of interior joinery including; ceiling and wall panels, doors, partitions, stairs, handrails, internal window frames, fitted cabinets, frames, and veneered panels. Prior to selecting a species it is important to ascertain that the gluing, finishing and machining properties are suited to the application. It is also important to note that some species are more stable than others in conditions where the ambient moisture may change. Most commercially available Appalachian hardwood species machine and finish to a high standard and can be sourced in a range of specifications to suit most moulding applications. There is also a spread of colors from the light clean look of the Maples and Ash, the red hues of Cherry, and Birch, the distinctive grain of Red and White Oak, through to the dark rich brown of Walnut.


For exterior applications it is important to ensure that the wood species selected has the necessary protection to withstand decay and weathering. Establishing the potential hazard application will determine what protection is required. For example joinery that is south facing and very exposed will be more at risk of deterioration. Ground contact or marine use would be the most hazardous conditions. It should be noted that the sapwood (often lighter colored outer edge of the tree) of all species is non durable and will decay and rot in the right moisture conditions. If sapwood is present it should be treated with suitable preservative. The heartwood of some hardwoods can offer natural protection against decay and these species are classed as durable. (The degree of durability may vary). However, non durable hardwood species can also be used externally providing they are treated.